Symptoms & Treatments
BHD is a rare genetic condition. People with BHD get skin bumps, lung cysts, collapsed lungs and/or kidney cancer.
Here you can find out more about the different symptoms of BHD, how they are diagnosed, screened for and the different treatment options.
Around 1 in 3 people with BHD get kidney cancer. In most cases these tumours grow slowly, rarely spread, and are not life-threatening so long as you get appropriate treatment.
Find out more about the common signs and symptoms of kidney cancer.
If you have BHD, you should have your kidneys screened regularly. This means that if you do develop kidney cancer it can be monitored and treated early.
BHD doctors recommend having regular kidney scans, and removing any tumours when they reach 3cm. In most cases, if you develop kidney cancer you will only need one surgery in your lifetime to remove tumours. There are several types of surgery.
If you have BHD, you may get kidney cysts. Kidney cysts are rounded sacs usually filled with fluid.
A pneumothorax occurs when the air leaks from the lung causing it to collapse. Sometimes this happens spontaneously, and no cause is ever found. However, several rare inherited conditions can cause a lung collapse including BHD.
Learn about the symptoms of a collapsed lung.
There are treatments for reinflating lungs and treatments for stopping lungs from collapsing again. Find out more about the different treatments.
8 in 10 people with BHD get lung cysts. The cysts are sacs of lung tissue that are filled with air.
Currently, the only proven BHD symptoms are skin lesions, lung cysts, collapsed lungs and kidney cancer. Here we discuss other symptoms that have been seen in people with BHD, but may not be related to the syndrome.
BHD can cause skin bumps. The most common skin bumps are called fibrofolliculomas, but you can also get trichodiscomas and skin tags.
There is no permanent treatment for fibrofolliculomas or trichodiscomas. However, there are some treatments that can remove the skin bumps temporarily.